Why Terpenes are so vital
The essential oils present in the cannabis plant — and in fact in all plants — terpenes are like the hardworking herbal roadies to the cannabis flower rock-star. Laboring behind the scenes, terpenes give cannabis its distinctive aromatic and flavor qualities, as well as imparting a host of therapeutic effects. Cannabis terpenes like linalool (also present in lavender) and pinene (in conifers) have been used to promote sleep and fight inflammation. Studies by the National Institutes of Health have also shown the terpene duo can produce an antidepressant-like effect.
Alpha-Pinene: Conifer trees
Alpha-Pinene works by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase activity in the brain, which helps you retain memories more efficiently. Other benefits include euphoria, increased alertness, and anti-cancer properties.
As a constituent of tea tree oil, alpha-terpinene possesses strong antioxidant properties. Alpha-terpinene has also been researched as a potential cancer treatment. A study conducted by the Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research found α-terpinene contributed to the inhibition of breast cancer cell growth.
Alpha-Terpineol - Orange
α-terpineol attracts a great interest as it has a wide range of biological applications as an antioxidant, anticancer, anticonvulsant, antiulcer, antihypertensive, anti-nociceptive compound. It is also used to enhance skin penetration, and also has insecticidal properties.
Beta Caryophyllene: Black pepper
Thanks to its ability to bind with CB2 receptors in the endocannabinoid system, beta caryophyllene has potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. It could help to relieve pain and anxiety, treat seizures, and reduce cholesterol.
Beta-Pinene: Fir Needles -
β-pinene increases mental alertness,
clarity, and overall cognitive functions.
It has researched for their significant applications in bronchodilation, pain relief, epilepsy and cancer treatment, and neuroprotection.
Borneol: Black galingale
While it is especially known to help alleviate pain and inflammation, borneol can also be used for digestive issues, improving circulation, encouraging relaxation while fighting fatigue, as well as decreasing stress and anxiety.
Cineol-Eucalypto: Eucalyptus leaves
The main ingredient responsible for these properties is eucalyptol, also known as cineole, which is a compound found in eucalyptus oil. Some research has shown that eucalyptol relieves cold symptoms like cough frequency, nasal congestion, and headache by decreasing inflammation and mucus buildup
Citronellol is often used as an immune booster and a general tonic for people who are feeling a little under the weather. Citronellol helps to increase perspiration, which makes it a useful aid for fighting infections and fever. It can also help reduce inflammation.
Delta 3 carene: Cedar
The Terpene That Promotes Healthy Bones (& Dry Mouth) The terpene delta 3 carene combats inflammation, repairs diseased and damaged bones and is said to promote mental focus and concentration.
γ-Terpinene, volatile essential
oil derived from Melaleuca
alternifolia, shows antimicrobial
properties against various human pathogens. It is also extracted from Lippia multiflora.
Geraniol: Aromatic bay leaves/honey
Geraniol is produced by the scent glands of honeybees to mark nectar-bearing flowers and locate the entrances to their hives. It is also commonly used as an insect repellent, especially for mosquitoes
Humulene is an important terpene
for cannabis patients because of its
distinctive effects. Not only is humulene an effective anti-inflammatory and analgesic, it also acts as an appetite suppressant. Several studies have been completed on humulene signifying its anti-inflammatory properties.
Limonene may offer several health benefits. This includes possess anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-stress, and possibly disease-preventing properties. Limonene is an essential oil found in citrus fruit peels
Linalool possesses antimicrobial
and anti-inflammatory properties, improves sleep, reduces anxiety and stress. It also helps with skin conditions in individuals who are not allergic to it.
Myrcene : Thyme
Myrcene has powerful antibiotic, antimutagenic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and sedative effects. Working in synergy with THC, the terpene is ideal for patients suffering from: Sleep disorders like insomnia. Pain and bodily discomfort, acting as a powerful muscle relaxant.
Nerolidol is a terpene that can be
found in jasmine, lemongrass,
ginger, tea tree, lavender, and neroli. It has a strong, woodsy scent, but can also be described as citrusy.
Nerolidol is known for its sedative and relaxing effects, making it a good candidate for aiding sleep.
Phytol is an aromatic ingredient used in
many fragrance compounds and it may be found in cosmetic and non-cosmetic products. In medicinal fields, phytol has shown antinociceptive and antioxidant activities as well as anti-inflammatory and antiallergic effects
Sabinene has been studied
for its implications in soothing problematic skin conditions, relieving
arthritis pain, and aiding digestion.
Sabinene has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory, antifungal,antimicrobial, antioxidant, and antibacterial properties.
A common terpene present in the cannabis plant that is recognizable for its woody aroma along with citrus and floral notes. Also referred to as alpha terpinolene, the terpene’s effects may be mildly to moderately sedative.
Early research shows terpinolene benefits may include antifungal, antibacterial, and anticancer properties in addition to potentially calming the central nervous system.