More than 100 cannabinoids have been found in the hemp plant. THC and CBD, the two major cannabinoids, have been and continue to be widely explored, improving our knowledge of their benefits. However, a number of recent studies have shed light on the different roles and potential of what are termed minor cannabinoids. Many CBD product makers and wholesalers are now using the lesser cannabinoids CBC and CBN, and customer demand is rising as a result. Let's see what all the fuss is about.
Six cannabinoids have received the most study attention: cannabichromene (CBC), which is similar in origin to CBD. When CBGA is exposed to UV light or heat, it is converted from CBGA to CBCA, then back to CBD. CBC is non-intoxicating, just like CBD. We apologize if that sounds confusing, but we can't think of another way to say it.
CBC does not bind perfectly to CB1 cannabinoid receptors in the brain, so it does not provide the same euphoric effects as THC. The vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1), as well as the transient receptor ankyrin 1 (TRA1), do bind to CBC (TRPA1). It is believed that when CBC is activated, endogenous endocannabinoids are increased in the body, including Anandamide. As a result, Anandamide is kept in the bloodstream for longer periods of time. The antidepressant and mood raising properties of anandamide is known as 'the happiness molecule
CBC oils can be used in a variety of ways, including in edible CBD products and topicals such as skin care items. As well, they may provide therapeutic benefits to decrease inflammation and anxiety.
Properties of CBN and potential Benefits
Unique to the cannabis family of cannabinoids, cannabinol (CBN) originates from sources other than the cannabis sativa plant itself. Instead, it has a close connection to the cannabinoid THC due to the fact that it is created when THC undergoes external oxidation. THC, in the acid form THCA, is converted to CBN when the plant is cut and stored in this manner. When THC is exposed to air and oxidizes, it forms CBNA as a byproduct. Using UV light and air, the chemical becomes CBN (CANNABINOL).
Cannabis sativa plants that have not been properly preserved are often high in CBN. CBN does have some psychoactive qualities, however they are insignificant in contrast to THC. A variety of therapeutic effects, particularly in the area of bodily relaxation, have been established. It has many of the same advantages as THC, but with just around 10% of the potency.
CBN may provide benefits that include reduction of inflammation, pain relief, bone formation and healing. There are also topical benefits and relief for skin irritations and burns.
In order to improve the efficacy of balms, creams, salve and lotion for pain relief and skin irritation CBN isolate can be incorporated into topicals.